Research and Development
At Metrolab, we invest approximately 18% of our turnover and 41% of our labor hours in R&D. For all our magnetometers, we avoid ferromagnetic material in components close to the sensor. This way, we avoid any distortion that could impact the final measurement precision. Sometimes suitable parts are not commercially available and require custom development.
In collaboration with the team of Giovanni Boero at the EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland, we have developed a broad-band single-chip integrated transceiver designed explicitly for Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Magnetometry. This chip is at the heart of the newly released Model 1526 NMR remote head probe.
Designed for the PT2026 NMR-Präzisions-Teslameter, the Model 1526 probes provide unprecedented precision using the Pulsed-Wave detection principle. This probe, presented in figure 1, is composed of the primary probe electronics and the remote measurement head designed to fit into small gaps [Figure 2].
The single-chip transceiver is realized using a standard silicon complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) integrated-circuit technology. A radiofrequency (RF) transmit amplifier, a send/receive switch, a low noise RF receive amplifier, a quadrature mixer, and a low-noise amplifier are integrated on a chip of 1.8 mm2. These active components in the remote measurement head allow the down-conversion, pre-amplification, and impedance adaptation of the NMR signal before transferring it to the primary probe electronics. In the case of the Model 1426 remote head probe, all NMR signal conditioning occurs after transfer to the primary probe electronics. NMR signal conditioning in the remote head of the Model 1526 probe, at the point of acquisition, dramatically improves the signal-to-noise ratio compared to the Model 1426 probes. It enables the lossless signal transport over greater distances, up to 10 m, to the primary probe electronics.
On the other hand, the remote head of the Model 1426 probe contains a limited number of varactors as unique electronic components [Figure 3]. This is especially useful when measuring magnetic fields in high-radiation environments. All other active components are safely located away from the radiation source inside the primary probe electronics. The smaller size also allows NMR measurements in smaller gaps.
This work carried in the framework of the Commission for Technology and Innovation (CTI/KTI, Switzerland, Grant Nos. 14057.1 and 18505.1) has been published in Review of Scientific Instruments in January 2019 . We released the Model 1526 NMR probe to production in November 2019.
1: Grisi, Marco & Conley, Gaurasundar Marc & Sommer, Pascal & Tinembart, Jacques & Boero, Giovanni. (2019). A single-chip integrated transceiver for high field NMR magnetometry. Review of Scientific Instruments. 90. 015001. 10.1063/1.5066436.